Sunday, April 17, 2005

Desikachar's Lectures

Friendship – the best thing is when we do not have an agenda for our friendship – other than our friendliness

Bhakti – there is a reflection in the relationship – ie not one sided
9 ways of expressing devotion
ie 9 steps to devotion

Bakri is explored by bhakti sutras of Narada
Also in epics such as Bhagavad Gita

Bhakti – dhyananm - bhakti versus dhyanam – devotion versus meditation

Direct meaning and derivative meaning

Eg Vedas – knowledge
Vid (root) = to know (becomes above - ie Vedas)

Dhai – to think, to inquire (dhai – cynaatanam)

Baju (seyvanam) – to serve

Dhyanam – only comes in the yoga sutra
Bhakti – does not come in yoga sutra
Think about isvara

Dhyanam - one of eight tools of astanga yogam – used to reach a particular goal

5 sections in first external segment - : asana, pranayama, nyama, yama, pratajahara

3 sections in 2nd segment – Internal – related to mind
ie dharana, dhyana, samadhi
In yoga sutra.

Bhakti….

There is a tendency of the mind generally to go in different directions
One-pointed attention is the state of yoga – but it is not commonly seen in nature

Attempt of focusing mind towards object has 3 steps:
1. Choose an object /subject of attention – Dhaarana
2. Mind is instrument of perception
Mind is directed towards object of perception by perceiver
When attention on object is sustained – that is the state of dhyanam
3. When attention is completely integrated and the identification is gone
(ie separation as observer) – then samadhi occurs
Bhakti ( a loaded word)
- contextually – by defining devotee – we will understand what devotion is

Faith is implicit in bhakti
As object is implicit in dhyanam

Mindless meditation – what is the perceiver and it’s relation to perception
Mindful meditation – what is the nature of anger/emotion etc

Devotion towards somebody
Rarely (if ever) to a concept
In India devotion is towards God or teacher

Sneha – a capability for an object to be close
Sniddha

Like a “glue” you get attached
Friendship – sneha – in Sanskrit – bondage




Svadayam - two meanings

- to study some text
- to recite some words

Tools of yoga: tapas/mantras

Janma - it is given easily
Oshaddhi - tapas
(yagna/rituals)

Without cause - there is no effect...

darsham - that which helps us to see (eg eyes/glasses)
duk - that which sees

eva - independent - but as if one...



Asmita - in a high state of meditation - all we see is that we are not aware of ourselves

The sutras use asmita in many different ways

"I am seeing the buffalo" - with asmita - becomes "there is a buffalo"

Only through right connection is there transformation

If the mind is to be transformed there must be a connection with a superior being with superior qualities.

asmita = an impact
a profound connection
- with a profound connection/a story

asmi = i am

When two things become one that is asmita
Sometimes there is lack of interest
Sometimes there is not the possibility to comprehend

Textual books have effect... but the individual connection has the most powerful effect

nirmanacittanyasmitamantra

nirmana - reconstruction of the mind/transformation
Nirmana - can be corrupt/negative also

In the mind there are so many vasanas/impressions

valikima = cancer in sanskrit
valkimi = composer of ramayama

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